Lyme Disease Co-Infections

Lyme disease has several co-infections.  These are:

  • Babesia Microti (Babesiosis)
  • Ehrlichia Chaffeensis (Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis)
  • Anaplasma Phagocytophilum (Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis)
  • Bartonella Henselae / Quintana (Trench Fever and Cat-Scratch Disease, Carrión’s disease)
  • Rickettsia Rickettsii (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever)
  • Q-Fever (Coxiella Burnetii)
  • Toxoplasma Gondii (Toxoplasmosis)

Babesia Microti (Babesiosis):

The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) states that Babesiosis is caused by microscopic parasites that infect red blood cells and are spread by certain ticks. In the U.S., tickborne transmission primarily occurs in parts of the Northeast and upper Midwest and usually peaks during the warm months. 

Ehrlichia Chaffeensis (Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis):

According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), Ehrlichiosis is primarily reported from the southeastern and south-central United States. These areas report the distribution of the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum), which is associated with transmission of both E. chaffeensis and E. ewingii. Three states (Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas) account for 35% of all reported E. chaffeensis infections. Since 2009, over 115 cases of ehrlichiosis caused by E. muris eauclairensis have been identified in patients in the Upper Midwest. 

Anaplasma Phagocytophilum (Human Granulocytic Anaplasmosis):

According to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC), Anaplasmosis is most frequently reported from the Upper Midwest and northeastern areas of the United States . Due to the common vector, co-infection with A. phagocytophilum and B. burgdorferiBabesia microti, or Powassan virus is possible; illness may be marked by a more severe course or incomplete response to treatment.

A. phagocytophilumis usually transmitted by the bite of an infected tick, however it may also be associated with blood transfusions.

Bartonella Henselae / Quintana (Trench Fever and Cat-Scratch Disease, Carrión’s disease):

The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) reports that people can get Cat Scratch Disease (CSD) from the scratches of domestic or feral cats, particularly kittens. Infected fleas can carry Bartonella bacteria on cats. These bacteria can be transmitted from a cat to a person during a scratch. CSD occurs worldwide, wherever cats live. Stray cats may be more likely than pets to carry Bartonella. In the U.S., most cases of CSD occur in the fall and winter.

Trench fever is transmitted by the human body louse. Due to its association with body louse infestations, trench fever is most commonly associated with homelessness or areas of high population density and poor sanitation. Trench fever occurs worldwide.  

Carrión’s disease, previously known as bartonellosis, is transmitted by infected sand flies (genus Lutzomyia). It's important to note that Carrión’s disease only occurs in the Andes Mountains at 3,000 to 10,000 ft. in elevation in western South America, including Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador. Most cases are reported in Peru.

Rickettsia Rickettsii (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever):

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial disease spread through the bite on an infected tick including the American Dog Tick, the Rocky Mountain Wood Tick and the Brown Dog Tick. RMSF can be deadly if not treated early with the right antibiotic. Symptoms of RMSF include fever, headache, and rash. 

Q-Fever (Coxiella Burnetii):

Q fever is caused by the Coxiella burnetii bacteria. It infects animals, such as cattle, goats, and sheep. C. burnetii bacteria are found in feces, urine, birth products (i.e. placenta, amniotic fluid), and milk of infected animals. It is important to note that people can get infected by breathing in dust that has been contaminated by infected animal feces, urine, milk, and birth products. Veterinarians, dairy workers, livestock farmers and meat processing plant workers have an increased risk of exposure to the C. burnetii bacteria. Some people never get sick; however, those who do usually develop flu-like symptoms including fever, chills, fatigue, and muscle pain.

Toxoplasma Gondii (Toxoplasmosis):

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the Toxoplasma gondii parasite. The Toxoplasma parasite can remain for a long time in humans (and other animals), possibly even for a lifetime. However, very few people have symptoms if they are infected as the immune system in a healthy person usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. Pregnant women and individuals who have compromised immune systems should be cautious; for them, a Toxoplasma infection could cause serious health problems.

Where to find Treatment for Lyme Disease

LifeWorks Wellness Center is long recognized as one of the foremost natural health clinics in the US. We have been offering treatment for Lyme Disease for a long time and many of our patients have benefited from it. Patients fly in from all over the world because they simply can’t find clinics offering Lyme Disease treatments and natural medicine for Lyme Disease where they live.  We test for Lyme and all its co-infections.

We have helped many patients regain their health and we would love to help you, too. For more information or to schedule an appointment, please call (727) 466 - 6789. 

Dr. David Minkoff, M.D.
Founder and Medical Director
In 1995, Dr. Minkoff's wife became ill and her physicians couldn't find what was wrong. Not accepting their "no hope" conclusion, Dr. Minkoff went on a search to help her which led him out of emergency medicine into complementary and alternative medicine to find the answers. In the process he gained expertise in Biological medicine, heavy metal detoxification, anti-aging medicine, hormone replacement therapy, functional medicine, energy medicine, neural and prolotherapy, homeopathy and optimum nutrition. He studied under the masters in each of these disciplines until he became an expert in his own right. The answers he found were soon in demand when others learned of his wife’s return to good health. In response to this, he and his wife, Sue Minkoff RN established Lifeworks Wellness Center in 1997 and it quickly became one of the most comprehensive complementary and alternative medicine clinics in the U.S.

       *Disclaimer: Individual patient results may vary based on a patient's medical history and other factors.


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Clearwater, FL 33756
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Telephone: 727-466-6789
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