A normal measurement for an adult is about 120 over 80 (though blood pressure varies slightly throughout the day depending on what you are doing). However, systolic pressures of 100-140 and diastolic measurements of 60-90 are usually considered within normal bounds.
Abnormally high blood pressure is known as hypertension; low blood pressure is called hypotension. Both conditions may require treatment although hypertension is usually regarded as the more serious. High blood pressure is most common among the middle-aged (about one in 10 is affected), particularly men. It is an invisible disease and many people are completed unaware that they have it, although others experience symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, or ringing in the ears.
Most cases of hypertension result from a combination of factors. Any one or more of the following can cause high blood pressure: being overweight, drinking too much, eating too much salt, insufficient exercise, hardening of the arteries, taking the contraceptive pill, smoking or hereditary factors. In rare cases, the cause may be a kidney disorder, and some pregnant women develop dangerously high blood pressure. If high blood pressure continues unchecked, it can contribute to serious conditions such as angina, heart attack, stroke, haemorrhage, or kidney complaints.
Low blood pressure can be as hard to detect as the opposite extreme. It mostly affects elderly people and is usually temporary. The symptoms, if there are any, include momentary giddiness or fainting on standing up suddenly after sitting or lying down.
When low blood pressure is persistent, it may be due to an under-active adrenal gland.
If you are having a problem in this area, we can help you, naturally at our Clearwater clinic. For an appointment or more information,call the New Patient Scheduler at 727-466-6789.
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